Sein - Eine Analyse zur Logik des Seins im Sophistes (German by Thorsten Scherff

By Thorsten Scherff

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie der Antike, word: 2,0, Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Veranstaltung: Platons Sophistes, nine Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Im Sophistes gibt es eine Stelle, an der widerlegt der gesprächsführende Fremdling den Standpunkt eines Idealisten. Scheinbar stimmt das hier widerlegte Konzept mit Platons Konzept vom Sein überein. Nämlich dass Platon das Sein als unveränderbare Einheit und im direkten Gegensatz zum sich ständig wandelnden Werden sieht. Aber genau das wird scheinbar mit dem Idealisten an der nämlichen Stelle widerlegt.
Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es herauszufinden in welcher Weise Platon im Sophistes über das Sein spricht, zu welcher Definition des Seins er kommt und ob eine Differenz zwischen dem Sein in den frühen Dialogen und dem Sophistes besteht. Sollte dies der Fall sein, stellt sich natürlich die Frage, ob es sich bei der Definition des Sein im Sophistes um eine modifizierte model des „klassischen“ Seins oder um eine völlig neue shape handelt.
Die Untersuchung wird mit den frühen Dialogen beginnen, um herauszufinden, ob darin ein einheitliche Definition des Seins zu erkennen ist. Danach soll der Begriff des Seins im Sophistes bestimmt werden. Eine Untersuchung des gesamten Sophistes ist dabei unerlässlich, um eventuelle Hinweise darauf zu finden, ob sich ein Wandel in Platons Philosophie erkennen lässt.
Als frühe Dialoge sollen hier Dialoge die vor dem Sophistes geschrieben wurden bezeichnet werden. Dabei beziehe ich mich auf die von Apelt genannte Reihenfolge, der davon ausgeht, das der Sophistes, vor dem Politikos, der letzte platonische conversation conflict. Um Unklarheiten zu beseitigen, werde ich außerdem im Folgenden den Begriff Seiend im Sinne von seienden Dingen, d.h. Dinge bzw. Begriffe, die Anteil am Sein haben, verwenden. Den Begriff Sein dagegen als Bezeichnung für das Sein an sich.

Show description

Read more

Genealogy of the Tragic: Greek Tragedy and German Philosophy by Joshua Billings

By Joshua Billings

Why did Greek tragedy and "the tragic" turn out to be obvious as necessary to conceptions of modernity? and the way has this trust affected sleek understandings of Greek drama? In Genealogy of the Tragic, Joshua Billings solutions those and similar questions through tracing the emergence of the fashionable thought of the tragic, which was once first built round 1800 by means of thinkers linked to German Idealism. The booklet argues that the assumption of the tragic arose in accordance with a brand new realization of heritage within the past due eighteenth century, which spurred theorists to work out Greek tragedy as either a different, traditionally distant shape and a undying literary style jam-packed with that means for the current. The publication deals a brand new interpretation of the theories of Schiller, Schelling, Hegel, Hölderlin, and others, as mediations among those historicizing and universalizing impulses, and exhibits the roots in their techniques in prior discussions of Greek tragedy in Germany, France, and England. via reading eighteenth-century readings of tragedy and the interactions among idealist thinkers intimately, Genealogy of the Tragic bargains the main accomplished old account of the tragic thus far, in addition to the fullest clarification of why and the way the belief was once used to make feel of modernity. The ebook argues that idealist theories stay basic to modern interpretations of Greek tragedy, and demands a renewed engagement with philosophical questions in feedback of tragedy.

Show description

Read more

Plato and the Elements of Dialogue by John H. Fritz

By John H. Fritz

Plato and the weather of Dialogue examines Plato’s use of the 3 worthy parts of debate: personality, time, and position. by way of settling on and taking on outstanding employments of those gains from all through Plato’s paintings, this booklet seeks to map their features and value. by way of concentrating on the Symposium, Cratylus, and Republic, this e-book exhibits 3 ways that characters might be relating to what they do and what they are saying. subsequent, the ebook takes up ‘displacement’ by means of targeting the Hippias Major, arguing that particular characters should be accelerated through the repeated perform of asking them to contemplate a query from some degree of view except their very own. This ties into the remedies of ‘thinking’ within the Theaetetus and Sophist. The Parmenides, Lysis, and Philebus are tested to return to a greater knowing of the features of the settings (times/places) of Plato’s dialogues, whereas a studying of the start of the of the Phaedo shows how Plato can extend the settings of the dialogues through the use of ‘frames’ with a purpose to direct his readers. final, this publication takes up the ‘critique of writing’ that closes the Phaedrus.

Show description

Read more

The Hellenistic Philosophers: Volume 2, Greek and Latin by A. A. Long,D. N. Sedley

By A. A. Long,D. N. Sedley

This finished sourcebook makes on hand within the unique Latin and Greek the imperative extant texts required for the examine of the Stoic, Epicurean and sceptical colleges of philosophy. the fabric is organised by means of faculties, and inside every one tuition issues are handled thematically. the quantity offers an analogous texts (with a few extra passages) as are translated within the Hellenistic Philosophers, quantity 1. The authors supply their very own severe equipment, and likewise offer designated notes at the more challenging texts. This quantity is provided with a wide annotated bibliography.

Show description

Read more

The Metaphysics of the Pythagorean Theorem: Thales, by Robert Hahn

By Robert Hahn

Explores Thales’s speculative philosophy via a examine of geometrical diagrams.

Bringing jointly geometry and philosophy, this ebook undertakes a strikingly unique research of the origins and importance of the Pythagorean theorem. Thales, whom Aristotle known as the 1st thinker and who was once an older modern of Pythagoras, posited the primary of a harmony from which all issues come, and again into which they go back upon dissolution. He held that every one appearances are just changes of this easy harmony and there may be no swap within the cosmos. Such an account calls for a few basic geometric determine of which appearances are based. Robert Hahn argues that Thales got here to the belief that it was once the ideal triangle: by way of recombination and repackaging, all adjustments might be defined from that determine. this concept is important to what the invention of the Pythagorean theorem may have intended to Thales and Pythagoras within the 6th century BCE. With greater than 200 illustrations and figures, Hahn presents a sequence of geometric proofs for this misplaced narrative, tracing it from Thales to Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans who undefined, after which ultimately to Plato’s Timaeus. Uncovering the philosophical motivation in the back of the invention of the theory, Hahn’s ebook will increase the learn of historical philosophy and arithmetic alike.

At Southern Illinois college Carbondale, Robert Hahn is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the traditional Legacies software, in which he leads touring seminars to Greece, Turkey, and Egypt. he's the writer of Archaeology and the Origins of Philosophy; Anaximander in Context: New stories within the Origins of Greek Philosophy (with Dirk L. Couprie and Gerard Naddaf); and Anaximander and the Architects: The Contributions of Egyptian and Greek Architectural applied sciences to the Origins of Greek Philosophy, all released by means of SUNY Press.

Show description

Read more

Plato's Erotic World: From Cosmic Origins to Human Death by Jill Gordon

By Jill Gordon

Plato's complete fictive global is permeated with philosophical situation for Eros, well past the so-called erotic dialogues. a number of metaphysical, epistemological and cosmological conversations – Timaeus, Cratylus, Parmenides, Theaetetus and Phaedo – display that Eros lies on the root of the human and that adequately guided Eros is the essence of a existence good lived. This booklet offers a holistic imaginative and prescient of Eros, starting with the presence of Eros on the starting place of the cosmos and the human soul, surveying 4 kinds of human self-cultivation aimed toward solid suggestions of Eros and concluding with human loss of life as a go back to our origins. The publication demanding situations traditional knowledge in regards to the 'erotic dialogues' and demonstrates that Plato's global is erotic from commencing to finish: the human soul is primordially erotic and the well-cultivated erotic soul can most sensible have in mind and go back to its origins, its lifelong erotic desire.

Show description

Read more

The Verge of Philosophy by John Sallis

By John Sallis

The Verge of Philosophy is either an exploration of the boundaries of philosophy and a memorial for John Sallis’s longtime buddy and interlocutor Jacques Derrida. the center-piece of the publication is a longer exam of 3 websites in Derrida’s notion: his interpretation of Heidegger in regards to the privileging of the query; his account of the Platonic determine of the great; and his interpretation of Plato’s discourse at the an important inspiration of the chora, the originating house of the universe.

Sallis’s reflections are given further weight—even poignancy—by his dialogue of his many private and non-private philosophical conversations with Derrida over the many years in their friendship. This quantity therefore at the same time serves to mourn and bear in mind a pal and to push ahead the deeply looking discussions that lie on the very center of that friendship.

“All of John Sallis’s paintings is key, yet [this booklet] particularly is outstanding. . . . Sallis indicates larger than somebody i've got ever learn what it capability to perform philosophy at the verge.”—Walter Brogan, Villanova University

Show description

Read more

Ten Neglected Classics of Philosophy by Eric Schliesser

By Eric Schliesser

What makes for a philosophical vintage? Why do a little philosophical works persist over the years, whereas others don't? The philosophical canon and variety are issues of significant debate at the present time. This stimulating quantity includes ten new essays by way of complete philosophers writing passionately approximately works within the historical past of philosophy that they think have been unjustly ignored or ignored-and why they deserve better recognition. The essays conceal lesser recognized works through well-known thinkers in addition to works that have been as soon as recognized yet now basically faintly remembered. Works tested contain Gorgias' Encomium of Helen, Jane Adams' Women and Public Housekeeping, W.E.B. DuBois' Whither Now and Why, Edith Stein's On the matter of Empathy, Jonathan Bennett's Rationality, and more.

While every one bankruptcy is an expression of engagement with someone paintings, the amount as a complete, and Eric Schliesser's creation particularly, handle well timed questions about the character of philosophy, disciplinary contours, and the vagaries of canon formation.

Show description

Read more

Die Sophistik als Avantgarde normalen Lebens (German by Thomas Buchheim

By Thomas Buchheim

In diesem Versuch, die griechische Sophistik als einheitliches Phänomen neu zu deuten, wendet sich der Verfasser gegen weitverbreitete Standpunkte der Interpretation, die die Sophistik insgesamt als eine paintings Aufklärungsphilosophie ansieht. Dementgegen ist die Sophistik dem archaischen Denken von Lyrik und früher Vorsokratik eng und vorwiegend konservativ verpflichtet. Ihr Denken besteht in einer ständigen Abstimmung herrschender Situationen auf Kosten eigener rationaler Konsequenz und kann deshalb als Philosophie überhaupt nicht gelten wollen.
Anliegen der Sophisten ist es denn auch, dem Menschen in der Mittellosigkeit ('Amechania') als dem aspect seines Daseins ein Organ aufzuzeigen, mit dem er sein Leben in einer erfolgreichen stability zu halten vermag. Dieses Organ ist die Sprache und ihre Kunstgerechte Verwendung. Der normalen, jeden betreffenden Bedingtheit des Lebens entsprechen somit normale, jedem zugängliche Methoden der Selbstbehauptung. Diese Anwaltschaft für das Normale macht die Sophistik zu einer beispielhaften Verteidigung des beengten Lebens gegen die überfordernden Ansprüche des Unbedingten.

Show description

Read more

Analytica Priora Buch II: Band 3.I/2 (German Edition) by Marko Malink

By Marko Malink

Der zweite Buch der Ersten Analytiken des Aristoteles ist ein bisher vergleichweise wenig beachteter und wenig kommentierter textual content, der immer im Schatten des ersten Buchs mit seiner überragenden Bedeutung für die Geschichte der Logik gestanden hat. Dieser Band der Deutschen Aristoteles-Ausgabe enthält neben einer neuen Übersetzung einen ausführlichen Kommentar, der zum ersten Mal den textual content Zeile für Zeile entschlüsselt und so die Fülle von Themen erschliesst, die dort behandelt sind. Die Einleitung gibt einen Überblick über den disparaten und nicht leichten überschaubaren textual content, weist seine Bedeutung für die formallogische Rekonstruktion der aristotelischen Syllogistik nach. Schwerpunkte der Interpretation liegen auf dem verwickelten und systematisch besonders spannenden Verhältnis der assertorischen Syllogistik zu modernen nicht-klassischen Logiken (insbesondere im Hinblick auf das Prinzip des ex falso quodlibet), auf die Problematik des Folgerungsbegriffs und auf der Möglichkeit einer nicht-extensionalen Rekonstruktion der Syllogistik. Der Band beitet, den Themen des Textes folgend, ausführliche Informationen zum Verhältnis der Syllogistik in Buch II zur Modallogik, Relevanzlogik, parakonsistenten Logik und konnexiven Logik, zur Theorie des indirekten Beweises bei Aristoteles, zur Argumentationstheorie an der Schwelle vom Paradigma der Rhetorik und Topik zur formalen Logik sowie Informationen zum Verhältnis der Syllogistik zur Erkenntnistheorie, zum nicht-deduktiven Argumentieren und zur Semiotik.

Show description

Read more
1 2 3 4 17