Die Idee des Schönen und der Eros. Zu Platons Ästhetik by Jessica Heyser

By Jessica Heyser

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2000 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie der Antike, be aware: 1,7, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Institut für Deutsche Literatur), Veranstaltung: Hauptseminar: 'Theorien des Schönen in der Antike und im Mittelalter', Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Platons conversation “Symposion”, der sich mit der Natur des Eros auseinandersetzt, ist Inhalt meiner Hausarbeit. Daran fasziniert mich, daß es sich zum einen um ein sehr umfassendes, zum anderen um ein stark idealisiertes Konzept handelt, welches sich vom modernen Begriff der Erotik unterscheidet. Ich werde mich der Frage widmen, was once seine Eroskonzeption für das einzelne Subjekt bedeuten kann, und welches Menschenbild dem zugrunde liegt. Außerdem soll es um die ästhetische measurement des Dialogs gehen.
Ansatzpunkte für Platon sind das Verlangen, die Begierde, die Lust, welchen er eine hohe Bedeutung zumißt. Seine Philosophie setzt hier, an der Erotik, an. Doch er beschränkt sich nicht auf die Sexualität, sondern beschreibt das Verlangen als eine Möglichkeit, die eigene Begrenztheit zu überwinden. Der intellektuelle Akt des Erkennens entsteht im Sinnlichsten.
Meine Wahl fällt unter anderem auf Platons Philosophie, und im Besonderen auf diesen conversation, da mich sein ganzheitliches Denken reizt: sowohl was once den Menschen als leib-seelisches Wesen, als auch was once die umfassende Theorie angeht, die grundsätzliche philosophische und anthropologische Fragen betrifft.

Das Konzept meiner Hausarbeit orientiert sich am Aufbau des Dialogs. Zunächst werde ich die Inhalte der einzelnen Reden schon im Hinblick auf den Schwerpunkt meiner Hausarbeit, der Interpretation der ‚Diotima-Rede‘, kurz umreißen. Dabei interessiert mich weniger die historische Verortung des Dialogs, als - weswegen ich mich auch nur auf das “Symposion” beziehen werde - seine philosophische size. Da mir dieser conversation als sehr gehaltvoll und mehrdimensional erscheint, habe ich mich für eine relativ textnahe Interpretation entschieden.
Die Vorlesung von Georg Picht, “Platons conversation “Symposion”” hat mir den Einstieg in den conversation sehr erleichtert. Außerdem enthalten die Texte von Wilhelm Schmid, “Die Geburt der Philosophie im Garten der Lüste”, welcher auf Foucaults Interpretation eingeht, Seth Benardete, “On Plato’s Symposion” und Ulrich Irion, “Eros und Thanatos in der Moderne” meiner Meinung nach sehr gute Aspekte, welche ich teilweise in meine Hausarbeit aufgenommen habe

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Protagoras and the Challenge of Relativism: Plato's Subtlest by Ugo Zilioli

By Ugo Zilioli

Protagoras was once a massive Greek philosopher of the 5th century BC, the main well-known of the so known as Sophists, notwithstanding such a lot of what we all know of him and his suggestion involves us customarily throughout the dialogues of his strenuous opponent Plato. during this ebook, Ugo Zilioli deals a sustained and philosophically refined exam of what's, in philosophical phrases, the main attention-grabbing characteristic of Protagoras' concept for contemporary readers: his function because the first Western philosopher to argue for relativism. Zilioli relates Protagoras' relativism with smooth types of relativism, particularly the 'robust relativism' of Joseph Margolis, supplies an built-in account either one of the perceptual relativism tested in Plato's Theaetetus and the moral or social relativism provided within the first a part of Plato's Protagoras and provides an built-in and optimistic research of Protagoras' suggestion, instead of targeting historical criticisms and responses to his notion. this can be a deeply scholarly paintings which brings a lot argument to endure to the declare that Protagoras used to be and is still Plato's subtlest philosophical enemy.

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Socratic, Platonic and Aristotelian Studies: Essays in Honor by Georgios Anagnostopoulos

By Georgios Anagnostopoulos

This quantity comprises amazing reports through the superior students in historic Greek Philosophy on key subject matters in Socratic, Platonic, and Aristotelian idea. those stories supply rigorous analyses of arguments and texts and infrequently improve unique interpretations.

The essays within the quantity diversity over a couple of vital subject matters in old philosophy, such as Socratic and Platonic conceptions of philosophical technique; the Socratic paradoxes; Plato's view on justice; the character of Platonic varieties, specially the shape of the nice; Aristotle's perspectives at the schools of the soul; Aristotle's functionalist account of the human reliable; Socratic, Platonic, and Aristotelian perspectives at the nature of wish and its item. the quantity should be of curiosity to scholars and students of historical philosophy and classics.

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The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the by Terence Irwin

By Terence Irwin

the advance of Ethics is a selective old and significant learn of ethical philosophy within the Socratic culture, with targeted awareness to Aristotelian naturalism, its formation, elaboration, feedback, and defence. It discusses the most issues of ethical philosophy as they've got built traditionally, together with: the human strong, human nature, justice, friendship, and morality; the tools of ethical inquiry; the virtues and their connexions; will, freedom,
and accountability; cause and emotion; relativism, subjectivism, and realism; the theological point of morality. This quantity examines historical and medieval philosophy as much as the 16th century; Volumes 2 and three will proceed the tale as much as Rawls's idea of Justice.
The current quantity starts off with Socrates, the Cyrenaics and Cynics, and Plato, after which deals a fuller account of Aristotle, stressing the systematic naturalism of his place. The Stoic place is in comparison with the Aristotelian at a few size; Epicureans and Sceptics are mentioned extra in short. Chapters on early Christianity and on Augustine introduce a fuller exam of Aquinas' revision, elaboration, and defence of Aristotelian naturalism. the quantity closes with an account of some
criticisms of the Aristotelian outlook by way of Scotus, Ockham, Machiavelli, and a few sixteenth-century Reformers.
The emphasis of the ebook isn't only descriptive, narrative, or exegetical, but additionally philosophical. Irwin discusses the comparative benefits of other perspectives, the problems that they elevate, and the way a few of the problems can be resolved. The ebook attempts to provide the major ethical philosophers of the previous as contributors in a rational dialogue that continues to be being carried on, and attempts to aid the reader to take part during this discussion.

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'Nature and the Greeks' and 'Science and Humanism' (Canto by Erwin Schrödinger,Roger Penrose

By Erwin Schrödinger,Roger Penrose

Nobel laureate Erwin Schrödinger was once the most distinct scientists of the 20 th century; his lectures at the background and philosophy of technology are mythical. 'Nature and the Greeks' and 'Science and Humanism' makes on hand for the 1st time in lots of years the textual content of 2 of Schrödinger's most famed lecture sequence. 'Nature and the Greeks' bargains a accomplished ancient account of the twentieth-century medical international photo, tracing glossy technological know-how again to the earliest levels of Western philosophic notion. 'Science and Humanism' addresses essentially the most primary questions of the century: what's the price of medical learn? and the way do the achievements of recent technological know-how impact the connection among fabric and non secular issues? A foreword by way of Roger Penrose units the lectures in a modern context, and affirms they're as correct this present day as once they have been first published.

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Xunzi: The Complete Text by Xunzi,Eric L. Hutton

By Xunzi,Eric L. Hutton

This is the 1st entire, one-volume English translation of the traditional chinese language textual content Xunzi, some of the most vast, subtle, and chic works within the culture of Confucian notion. via essays, poetry, dialogues, and anecdotes, the Xunzi offers a extra systematic imaginative and prescient of the Confucian excellent than the fragmented sayings of Confucius and Mencius, articulating a Confucian point of view on ethics, politics, war, language, psychology, human nature, ritual, and tune, between different issues. geared toward normal readers and scholars of chinese language suggestion, Eric Hutton's translation makes the complete textual content of this crucial paintings extra obtainable in English than ever before.

Named for its purported writer, the Xunzi (literally, "Master Xun") has lengthy been overlooked in comparison to works similar to the Analects of Confucius and the Mencius. but curiosity within the Xunzi has grown in fresh a long time, and the textual content offers a way more systematic imaginative and prescient of the Confucian excellent than the fragmented sayings of Confucius and Mencius. in a single recognized, particular distinction to them, the Xunzi argues that human nature is undesirable. in spite of the fact that, it additionally permits that folks can turn into solid via rituals and associations confirmed by way of past sages. certainly, the most function of the Xunzi is to induce humans to develop into pretty much as good as attainable, either for his or her personal sakes and for the sake of peace and order within the world.

In this variation, key phrases are always translated to help knowing and line numbers are supplied for simple reference. different positive factors contain a concise creation, a timeline of early chinese language historical past, a listing of vital names and phrases, cross-references, short explanatory notes, a bibliography, and an index.

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The Meditations of Marcus Auerlius: Selections Annotated & by Russel McNeil PhD,George Long

By Russel McNeil PhD,George Long

The undying knowledge of an historical Stoic can develop into a spouse
for your individual religious trip.

Stoicism is usually portrayed as a cheerless, stiff-upper-lip philosophy of discomfort and doom. but as skilled throughout the considerate and penetrating writings of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius (121–180 CE), the Stoic way of living is unusually wealthy, nuanced, clear-eyed and pleasant.

With facing-page statement that explains the texts for you, Russell McNeil, PhD, publications you thru key passages from Aurelius’s Meditations, made from the emperor’s amassed own magazine entries, to discover the startlingly smooth relevance his phrases have at the present time. From devotion to relatives and responsibility to nation, to a near-prophetic view of the flora and fauna that aligns with glossy physics, Aurelius’s phrases communicate as potently this present day as they did millennia in the past.

Now you could notice the tenderness, intelligence and honesty of Aurelius’s writings with out prior history in philosophy or the classics. This SkyLight Illuminations variation bargains insightful and fascinating remark that explains the ancient historical past of Stoicism, in addition to the methods this historical philosophical approach can supply mental and non secular perception into your modern lifestyles. you'll be inspired to discover and problem Aurelius’s principles of what makes a satisfying life—and in so doing you could become aware of new methods of perceiving happiness.

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The Demiurge in Ancient Thought: Secondary Gods and Divine by Carl Séan O'Brien

By Carl Séan O'Brien

How used to be the area generated and the way does topic stay ordered in order that the realm can proceed functioning? Questions like those have existed so long as humanity has been in a position to rational inspiration. In antiquity, Plato's Timaeus brought the concept that of the Demiurge, or Craftsman-god, to respond to them. This lucid and wide-ranging ebook argues that the idea that of the Demiurge was once hugely influential at the many discussions working in heart Platonist, Gnostic, airtight and Christian contexts within the first 3 centuries advert. It explores key metaphysical difficulties resembling the starting place of evil, the connection among topic and the 1st precept and the deployment of ever-increasing numbers of secondary deities to insulate the 1st precept from the practical international. It additionally makes a speciality of the reducing significance of demiurgy in Neoplatonism, with its postulation of procession and return.

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Essays on Descartes by Paul Hoffman

By Paul Hoffman

this can be a selection of Paul Hoffman's wide-ranging essays on Descartes composed over the last twenty-five years. The essays partially I comprise his celebrated "The solidarity of Descartes' Man," within which he argues that Descartes accepts the Aristotelian view that soul and physique are comparable as shape to topic and that the person is a substance; a sequence of next essays elaborating in this interpretation and protecting it opposed to objections; and an essay on Descartes' conception of contrast. within the essays partially II he argues that Descartes keeps the Aristotelian idea of causation in response to which an agent's motion is equal to the fervour it brings approximately, and explains the importance of this doctrine for realizing Descartes' dualism and physics. within the essays partly III he argues that Descartes accepts the Aristotelian concept of cognition in response to which belief is feasible simply because issues that exist on the earth also are in a position to a distinct approach of latest within the soul, and he exhibits how this thought figures in Descartes' account of misrepresentation and within the controversy over even if Descartes is an immediate realist or a representationalist. The essays partly IV study Descartes' conception of the passions of the soul: their definition; their impression on our happiness, advantage, and freedom; and techniques of controlling them.

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Aristotle's Categories in the Early Roman Empire (Oxford by Michael J. Griffin

By Michael J. Griffin

This quantity reviews the foundation and evolution of philosophical curiosity in Aristotle's different types. After centuries of forget, the types turned the point of interest of philosophical dialogue within the first century BCE, and used to be consequently followed because the simple introductory textbook for philosophy within the Aristotelian and Platonic traditions.

In this learn, Michael Griffin builds on past paintings to reconstruct the fragments of the earliest commentaries at the treatise, and illuminates the earliest arguments for Aristotle's method of good judgment because the origin of upper schooling. Griffin argues that Andronicus of Rhodes performed a severe position within the different types' upward push to prominence, and that his motivations for curiosity within the textual content will be recovered. the quantity additionally tracks Platonic and Stoic debate over the Categories,
and indicates purposes for its adoption into the mainstream of either schools.

Covering the interval from the 1st century BCE to the 3rd century CE, the quantity specializes in person philosophers whose perspectives should be recovered from later, ordinarily Neoplatonic resources, together with Andronicus of Rhodes, Eudorus of Alexandria, Pseudo-Archytas, Lucius, Nicostratus, Athenodorus, and Cornutus.

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