Critical Issues in American Religious History: A Reader, by Robert R. Mathisen

By Robert R. Mathisen

americans as a non secular humans adventure either rigidity and indecision as they strive against with various severe matters on a daily basis. American society consistently struggles with its spiritual prior. the first and secondary fabrics integrated during this quantity tune spiritual America's efforts to articulate its id and future and enforce its non secular creeds and beliefs in an ever-changing society.

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Prayer Has Spoiled Everything: Possession, Power, and by Adeline Masquelier

By Adeline Masquelier

Bori, within the Mawri society of Niger, are mischievous and invisible beings that populate the bush. Bori is additionally the perform of taming those wild forces within the context of ownership ceremonies. In Prayer Has Spoiled Everything Adeline Masquelier bargains an account of the way this phenomenon intervenes—sometimes subtly, occasionally dramatically—in human lives, delivering a regularly renewed resource of that means for Mawri peasants faced with cultural contradictions and socio-economic marginalization.
To discover the function of bori ownership in neighborhood definitions of background, energy, and identification, Masquelier spent a complete of 2 years in Niger, targeting the various ways that spirit mediums proportion, remodel, and contest a swiftly altering truth, threatened via Muslim hegemony and monetary hassle. She explains how the unfold of Islam has provoked irreversible swap within the region and the way prayer—a conspicuous component of everyday life that has turn into almost synonymous with Islamic perform during this sector of west Africa—has therefore develop into equated with the lack of culture. by way of concentrating on many of the inventive and intricate ways in which bori right away competes with and borrows from Islam, Masquelier finds how ownership still is still deeply embedded in Mawri tradition, representing greater than uncomplicated resistance to Islam, patriarchy, or the kingdom. regardless of a widening hole among former methods of lifestyles and the contradictions of the current, it keeps its position as a characteristic of everyday life within which villagers take part with various levels of enthusiasm and approval.
Specialists in African stories, within the anthropology of faith, and within the old variations of colonial and postcolonial societies will welcome this study.

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The Just War Myth: The Moral Illusions of War by Andrew Fiala

By Andrew Fiala

because the warfare in Iraq maintains and american citizens debate the implications of the conflict in Afghanistan, the battle on terror, and the potential of warfare with North Korea and Iran, conflict is without doubt one of the largest matters in public debate. Andrew Fiala in The simply warfare Myth demanding situations the it appears main American sentiment that struggle should be simply justified. Even so much Democrats appear to carry that opinion, regardless of the awful charges of warfare either at the humans being attacked or stuck up within the chaos and at the americans considering engaging in the conflict.

The simply struggle Myth argues that whereas the simply struggle thought is an effective thought, real wars don't dwell as much as its criteria. The e-book presents a family tree of the simply battle proposal and likewise turns a severe eye on present occasions, together with the assumption of preemptive conflict, using torture, and the unreality of the Bush Doctrine. Fiala warns that pacifism, too, can turn into mythological, advocating skepticism approximately makes an attempt to justify war.

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Heavenly Merchandize: How Religion Shaped Commerce in by Mark Valeri

By Mark Valeri

Heavenly Merchandize deals a serious reexamination of religion's position within the construction of a marketplace economic system in early the United States. concentrating on the commercial tradition of recent England, it perspectives trade during the eyes of 4 generations of Boston retailers, drawing upon their own letters, diaries, enterprise documents, and sermon notes to bare how retailers equipped a latest type of trade out of profound transitions within the puritan realizing of self-discipline, windfall, and the that means of recent England.

Mark Valeri lines the careers of fellows like Robert Keayne, a London immigrant punished via his church for competitive company practices; John Hull, a silversmith-turned-trader who helped to set up advertisement networks within the West Indies; and Hugh corridor, one among New England's first slave investors. He explores how Boston ministers reconstituted their ethical languages over the process a century, from a scriptural discourse opposed to many marketplace practices to a providential worldview that justified England's advertisement hegemony and legitimated the industry as a divine build. Valeri strikes past simplistic readings that lessen advertisement job to secular mind-sets, and refutes the preferred idea of an inherent affinity among puritanism and capitalism. He exhibits how altering principles approximately what it intended to be pious and puritan expert the company practices of Boston's retailers, who stuffed their inner most notebooks with meditations on scripture and the traditional order, based and led church buildings, and inscribed religious reflections of their letters and diaries.

unparalleled in scope and wealthy with insights, Heavenly Merchandize illuminates the background in the back of the continued American drawback over morality and the marketplace.

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Contesting Secularism: Comparative Perspectives (Ashgate by Anders Berg-Sørensen,Anders, Dr Berg-Sørensen

By Anders Berg-Sørensen,Anders, Dr Berg-Sørensen

As we input the twenty-first century, the function of faith inside civic society has turn into a subject of significant predicament the world over. The complicated traits of secularism, multiculturalism and the increase of religiously encouraged violence elevate basic questions on the connection among political associations, civic tradition and spiritual teams. Contesting Secularism represents an enormous intervention into this debate. Drawing jointly contributions from prime students from internationally it analyses how secularism capabilities as a political doctrine in numerous nationwide contexts placed stressed by way of globalisation. In doing so it provides diverse versions for the connection among political associations and non secular teams, not easy the reader to be extra conscious of assumptions inside their very own cultural context, and increases replacement probabilities for the constitution of democratic, multi-faith societies.

Through its inter-disciplinary and comparative technique, Contesting Secularism units a brand new schedule for considering where of faith within the public sphere of twenty-first century societies. it's crucial analyzing for policymakers, in addition to for students and scholars in political technological know-how, legislations, sociology and non secular studies.

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Die Kruzifixdebatte. Die Crux mit dem Kreuz (German Edition) by Lukas Hock

By Lukas Hock

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Soziologie - faith, , Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Ist es verboten ein Kreuz im Klassenzimmer oder im Kindergarten aufzuhängen? Stört es Nichtgläubige? Oder diskriminiert es gar Andersgläubige? Mit diesen Fragen mussten sich in den vergangen Jahrzehnten sowohl das deutsche Bundesverfassungsgericht als auch der österreichische Verfassungsgerichtshof sowie der europäische Gerichtshof für Menschrechte mehrmals beschäftigen.

Anstoß zu der Debatte in Österreich struggle ein Individualantrag auf Gesetzesprüfung eines niederösterreichischen atheistischen Kindesvaters, der die Ansicht vertritt, seine Tochter werde im Kindergarten von der dauernden Präsenz religiöser Symbole geprägt. Dies widerspreche seiner Vorstellung von einer atheistischen Erziehung seiner Tochter. Auf diesen Fall werde ich später noch eingehen.

Aber auch in anderen Ländern, wie in Deutschland oder Italien, kam es zu ähnlich gelagerten Fällen, auf welche ich nun näher eingehen möchte.

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Sacred Folly: A New History of the Feast of Fools by Max Harris

By Max Harris

for hundreds of years, the ceremonial dinner of Fools has been condemned and infrequently celebrated as a disorderly, even transgressive Christian competition, within which reveling clergy elected a burlesque Lord of Misrule, presided over the divine place of work donning animal mask or women’s outfits, sang obscene songs, swung censers that gave off foul-smelling smoke, performed cube on the altar, and in a different way parodied the liturgy of the church. later on, they might take to the streets, howling, issuing mock indulgences, hurling manure at bystanders, and staging scurrilous performs. the matter with this well known account—intriguing because it could be—is that it really is flawed. In Sacred Folly, Max Harris rewrites the background of the banquet of Fools, exhibiting that it built within the past due 12th and early 13th centuries as an tricky and orderly liturgy for the day of the Circumcision (1 January)—serving as a dignified replacement to rowdy secular New yr festivities. The reason of the dinner party was once no longer mockery yet thanksgiving for the incarnation of Christ. Prescribed position reversals, within which the decrease clergy presided over divine workplace, recalled Mary’s joyous confirmation that God “has positioned down the amazing from their seat and exalted the humble.” The “fools” represented these selected by means of God for his or her lowly prestige. The ceremonial dinner, by no means frequent, used to be principally restricted to cathedrals and collegiate church buildings in northern France. within the 15th century, high-ranking clergy who trusted rumor instead of firsthand wisdom attacked and at last suppressed the banquet. Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century historians many times misinterpret documents of the banquet; their faulty debts shaped a shaky origin for next knowing of the medieval ritual. via returning to the first records, Harris reconstructs a ceremonial dinner of Fools that's the entire extra notable for being sanctified instead of sacrilegious.

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A Sacred Voice Is Calling: Personal Vocation and Social by John Neafsey

By John Neafsey

What does it suggest to discover and stick to our own calling? How will we distinguish among the ""still, small voice"" of our real vocation and all the different competing counterfeit voices in ourselves and in our tradition? in particular, how can we stability the inward hearing our hearts and the necessity to pay attention with our hearts to the realities and wishes of our world?
Drawing extensively at the knowledge of saints, sages, and the traditions of non secular course, Neafsey describes a route to dwelling within the position, as Frederick Buechner has positioned it, ""where our deep gladness and the worlds deep starvation meet.""

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Media and New Religions in Japan (Routledge Research in by Erica Baffelli

By Erica Baffelli

Japanese "new religions" (shinsh?ky?) have used quite a few media types for education, speaking with participants, featuring their messages, reinforcing or maintaining identical to the chief, and, in all probability, attracting converts. during this e-book the advanced and twin courting among media and new religions is investigated by way of the tensions teams face among the necessity for visibility and the hazards of dealing with assaults and feedback via media. certainly media and new applied sciences were widely utilized by non secular teams not just to unfold their messages and to attempt to arrive a much broader viewers, but additionally to advertise themselves as a hugely glossy and updated kind of faith acceptable for a latest technological age. In Eighties and early Nineteen Nineties a few events, similar to Agonsh? , K?fuku no Kagaku, and Aum Shinriky? got here into prominence particularly through using media (initially courses, but in addition ritual pronounces, ads campaigns, and public media events). This created new modes of formality engagement and new methods of interactions among leaders and individuals. the purpose of this booklet is to strengthen and illustrate specific key concerns within the wider new religions and media nexus through the use of particular routine as examples. particularly, the research of the interplay among media and new religions will concentration totally on 3 case stories predominantly in the course of the first interval of improvement of the groups.

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Death Anxiety and Religious Belief: An Existential by Jonathan Jong,Jamin Halberstadt

By Jonathan Jong,Jamin Halberstadt

There aren't any atheists in foxholes; or so we listen. the concept that the phobia of dying motivates non secular trust has been round because the earliest speculations in regards to the origins of faith. There are tricks of this concept within the historic international, however the idea achieves prominence within the works of Enlightenment critics and Victorian theorists of faith, and has been additional constructed by means of modern cognitive scientists. Why do humans think in gods? simply because they worry death.

Yet regardless of the abiding allure of this easy speculation, there has no longer been a scientific try and assessment its vital claims and the assumptions underlying them. Do humans worry demise? if that is so, who fears dying extra, non secular or nonreligious humans? Do reminders of our mortality fairly inspire non secular trust? Do spiritual ideals truly supply convenience opposed to the inevitability of loss of life?

In Death nervousness and spiritual Belief, Jonathan Jong and Jamin Halberstadt start to resolution those questions, drawing at the wide literature at the psychology of dying anxiousness and non secular trust, from adolescence to the purpose of loss of life, in addition to their very own experimental study on awake and subconscious worry and religion. during their investigations, they give thought to the background of principles approximately religion's origins, demanding situations of mental size, and the very nature of emotion and belief.

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